Standards and Double Standards

Subsculpture 3
Standards and Double Standards is an interactive installation that consists of 10 to 100 fastened belts that are suspended at waist height from stepper motors on the ceiling of the exhibition room. Controlled by a computerized tracking system, the belts rotate automatically to follow the public, turning their buckles slowly to face passers-by. When several people are in the room their presence affects the entire group of belts, creating chaotic patterns of interference. Non-linear behaviours emerge such as turbulence, eddies and relatively quiet regions. One of the aims of this piece is to visualize complex dynamics, turning a condition of pure surveillance into an unpredictable connective system. The piece creates an "absent crowd" using a fetish of paternal authority: the belt.
Name in spanish: Rasero y Doble Rasero
Year of Creation: 2004
Technique: Leather belts, stepper motors, surveillance camera, tracking system
Dimensions: Variable dimensions
Edition: 3 copies of 10 belts
1 copy of 50 belts
1 copy of 100 belts + 1 AP of 50 belts
Keywords: generator, robotic, tracker, interactive, indoor.
Collections: Museo Universitario Arte Contemporáneo MUAC (Mexico City) and Cisneros Fontanals Foundation (Miami)
Photo library (click to expand)
2004 - Art Basel Unlimited - Art Basel 35, Galería OMR, Basel, Switzerland



  • Rafael Lozano-Hemmer - concept, direction
  • Conroy Badger - programming
  • Will Bauer, Sandra Badger, Karl-Erik Riesach, Peggy Strong, Robyn Badger, Jennifer Laughlin, Denis Sulivan and Olav Kahlbaum - production support
  • Rockefeller Foundation (NY) and Fondation Langlois (Montréal) - development funding
  • Ella Cisneros collection (Miami) and MUAC collection (Mexico City).